Family is important and it is one of the first things to impact you in your lifetime. Some of the most intense experiences that we go through tend to stay with us through our life on into adulthood and so on. Our family has become ways to identify ourselves and define who we are. Our parents tend to send us little hints, unconsciously, to help us figure out whether we are male or female. Tests have been done to show how much of an impact our family has on us. The “Stroller Effect” was found that when a child is in a stroller a man is more likely to push it. Yet, when the child is outside of the stroller that dad carries the child and the mother is there to push the empty stroller, giving subtle hints. A second experiment was conducted that looked at the difference of the working class family and the middle class family. The findings were interesting, in which they found that the middle class family participated in more physical disipline and were more concerned with just keeping kids out of trouble. Whereas the middle class reasoned with their children for disipline and taught there kids more self expression and curiosity then just keep them out of trouble. The way the kids were brought up correlated with the work envirnoments of the parents. The differnent parents each had different thoughts about what playing should be and the middle class made their kids play sports to help teach their kids group cooperation. However the working class only set limits on their kids and did not care how they played.
In a perfect socialization the middle class family would be more correct in raising children and influencing them in the righrt ways than the working class family. A postive was that it could be a perfect society is that the ideals of the the middle class place a high value on indepence and self expression. Through these kids can develope to be higher level thinkers and will succeed more in life. These kids will also hold on to these values which will then be pasted on to the next generation and so on. Yet a negative consequense of this could be that if a kid gets a cubical job where he/she is always being watched then the child in adulthood may end up treating their kids like the working class children due to the work environment that they work in. All in all, it is a good concept to have these values and ideals, which in turn would be the best way for the ideal socialization.
Formal education has two functions: manifest functions and latent functions. Manifest functions are the intended beneficial consequences of people’s actions, such as reading, writing and mathematics. Latent functions are unintended beneficial consequences of people’s actions. Some of the latent functions include children learning a broader perspective that will help them outside of their family. Children also learn a hidden curriculum, an example being patriotism, justice, and honesty. While hidden curriculum is inside the classroom, corridor curriculum is what children teach each other outside of the classroom. These lessons usually include racism, sexism, and coolness. Social class plays an important role in school as well. Children from wealthy families tend to go to private academies and learn skills and values to match their social position. Children from poorer and middle class families go to public schools and will usually take classes based on their parents’ jobs; blue-collared or white-collared. Schools are a primary agent of socialization.
In a perfect Utopia, schools would focus mainly on manifest functions, and try to control the latent functions. While this sounds a little cruel, if one has an intended outcome for all children, then one must control as much if the child’s life as he can. Schools would also pay more attentions to the hidden curriculum, controlling more of the schools’ “hidden message”.
Children have been known to separate into different peer groups: a major one being based on sex. Boys learn that popularity is often based on athletic ability, coolness, and toughness. Girls learn that popularity is based on family background, physical appearance, and the ability to attract popular boys. Boys also sometimes learn that the higher the grades, the less cool you were, while the girls sometimes learn the opposite: high grades means the more cool you are. Peer groups tend to play a huge role in our lives because of the standards of our peer groups; you’re either in, or out; like the same things, or don’t. Peer groups often include pressure to do the same things as well.
In a perfect Utopia, there would be but one peer group – a universal group that everyone would be apart of. If there were just one peer group, then there wouldn’t be as much prejudice in the world, nor such hostility towards other peer groups.
Many kids are put into day cares or the care of others on a daily basis. Yet some staggering things have been found, such as when kids are in day care more they will become more cruel, mean, or less affectionate toward parents or a parent. This has been seen in most children no matter their family class or their gender. And a negative effect of day care that they found is that mothers, who put their children in day care, did not know their child’s “signal system”. These mothers also did not have strong connections with their child and children in day cares tend to have more behavioral problems. On the other side, kids in day cares tended to have high literacy skills than kids who were not.
A ideal society would not have their kids be in day care. Parents should be able to be home for their kids and be able to teach them right from wrong and teach them how to grow up. If parents did this then kids would not be as routy and would not have such behavioral problems such as the ones formed from day cares. Yes, getting rid of day cares would take jobs away from people but it would be much better in the long run because kids will be brought up right and will conform more to social norms, values, and beliefs.
Coworkers not only share their skills with you, but also a perspective of the world. When it comes to the workplace, anticipatory socialization is usually involved. That is, because one anticipates a future role, one learns parts of it now. For example, if one wanted to become a doctor, he or she would most likely read books about that career field or takes an internship. This helps people get a taste of that career, and to decide if that is the career they want to spend the rest of their lives doing. Jobs often eventually become a part of you, they help identify who you are.
In a perfect Utopia, your job status wouldn’t matter. No matter what you did, you would be accepted everywhere and anywhere. A person would also know exactly what he would want to become, and spent most of his school years preparing for that particular career.
Sports and Competitive Success
sports can be a big part of a kids life and can help them grow up to be a better person. Sports not only helps build physical skill to it also helps teach how to be a “team player” which means it will help kids learn how to work together and depend on each other. For boys the more they achieve in sports the more masculinity they gain the and the better they do the more prestige they achieve among their peers. For girls sports helps them construct an identity and meaningful relationships.
for there to be a perfect society people will have to be totally equal in their athletic ability. if everyone was equal in sports there would be no difference in the masculinity or or lose/ gain of confidence that sports causes in kids. But this will also make sporting events boring so would it really be the perfect society?
Religion is a huge part of many peoples lives and is a key component of a lot of peoples ideas of right and wrong. Religious ideas pervade U.S. society, providing basic ideas of morality for us all. A lot of people learn religion and what to believe in from a very young age, this can influence many of the choices they make in there lives.
Because religion is such a personal and controversial topic to many people it is hard to say what would have to be done regarding the religious agent of socialization to make the perfect society. One thing that would make a perfect society in some peoples minds is if there was no religion because this way people would have nothing to argue and fight about. Another way you could make a perfect society is if everyone believed in the same thing.
Neighborhoods and where we grow up has a large influence on our lives. Some neighborhoods are better than others and depending on what kind of neighborhood we grow up in can affect how we act. kids that grow up in poor neighborhood are more likely to get into trouble with the law, become pregnant, drop out of school, and make poorer decisions in general. in wealthier neighborhoods the kids are watched more not only by parents but by neighbors also, and people in richer neighborhoods tend to know and be more friendly to each other.
to have an ideal society everyone would need to have almost identical neighborhoods. This way there will be no such thing as poor and rich neighborhoods and all kids will have the same living conditions and will be watched over equally.
Now its your turn…
What do you think would be a ideal socialization based on the agents discussed?